Can Critical Thinking Be Taught in Business School?

August 22, 2014 by

In her editorial of the September issue of Business and Professional Communication Quarterly, Melinda Knight explains,

There is universal agreement among educators in the academy and managers in the workplace that critical thinking writing-on-laptop-1197801-mskills are essential for success at all levels. Over a century ago, the American sociologist William Graham Sumner defined what we now call critical thinking as “the examination and test of propositions of any kind which are offered for acceptance, in order to find out whether they correspond to reality or not.” He further argued that “it is our only guarantee against delusion, deception, superstition, and misapprehension of ourselves and our earthly circumstances,” and education “teaches us to act by judgment” (Sumner, 1906, pp. 632-633).

Hiring managers have long recognized how important critical thinking is in their talent searches. Wall Street Journal reporter Marisa Taylor (2010) argued that “while the ability to think critically is, well, critical in the workplace, employers have long complained that many of the young college graduates they hire seem to lack this skill.”

But what can be changed to help improve the critical thinking skills of college graduates? In their article “Cultivating Critical-Thinking Dispositions Throughout the Business Curriculum,” Janel Bloch and Sandra E. Spataro explore what can be done in the business school module to promote these skills.

The abstract:

Critical thinking is an essential component of managerial literacy, yet business school graduates struggle to apply critical-thinking skills at work to the level that employers desire. This article argues for a dispositional approach toBPCQ.indd teaching critical thinking, rooted in cultivating a critical-thinking culture. We suggest a two-pronged approach of (a) clearly defining critical thinking and selecting an accessible model for applying it and (b) integrating critical thinking consistently throughout the business curriculum. We illustrate implementation of this strategy in our revised MBA curriculum and conclude by challenging others to consider adopting a cultural and dispositional approach.

Click here to read “Cultivating Critical-Thinking Dispositions Throughout the Business Curriculum” and here to read the September editorial entitled “Finding Ways to Teach Critical Thinking in Business and Professional Communication” for free from Business and Professional Communication Quarterly. Want to know about all the latest from Business and Professional Communication Quarterly? Click here to sign up for e-alerts!

How Can Strategy Be Integrated with Entrepreneurship?

August 21, 2014 by

Read the latest offering from The Journal of Entrepreneurship entitled “Entrepreneurship and Competitive Strategy: An Integrative Approach.”

The abstract:

The two fields of strategic management and entrepreneurship have been viewed as inseparable twins and the relationship has been coined strategic entrepreneurship by a JOEnumber of scholars. Though the integrative studies of the two areas continue, there seems to be a dearth in the study of the two areas at business (competitive) strategy level. This is a conceptual article which aims to show how business strategy can be integrated with entrepreneurship to enhance firm competitiveness. Whether one argues that strategy subsumes entrepreneurship or that entrepreneurship subsumes strategy, an apparent intersection exists. The integrated strategy is termed entrepreneurial competitive strategy and the article presents a framework for this integration. As with any other literature based model, this model can still be improved and needs to be tested for practical application.

Click here to read “Entrepreneurship and Competitive Strategy: An Integrative Approach” from The Journal of Entrepreneurship. Want to read all the latest from The Journal of Entrepreneurship? Click here to sign up for e-alerts!

How Do Regulations Affect Athletes’ Doping Decisions?

August 20, 2014 by

pills-1023897-mIn 2013, the International Association of Athletics Federations announced that as of January 1, 2015, any athletes with serious doping offenses will receive a four-year ban on competition participation, which for many could mean prohibition from the Olympics. But David Epstein of Sports Illustrated Magazine predicts this won’t stop athletes from continuing to use performance enhancing drugs. Authors Vijay Mohan and Bharat Hazari researched this topic further in their article entitled “Cheating in Contests: Anti-Regulatory Problems in Sport” from Journal of Sports Economics to see how factors such as increased monitoring affected both the athletes’ decision to dope as well as their means of obtaining the drugs.

The abstract:

We examine the impact of regulation on the doping decisions of athletes in a Tullock contest. The regulatory measures weJSE__.indd consider are greater monitoring by sports authorities and a lowering of the prize in the contest. When legal efforts and illegal drugs are substitutes, an increase in anti-doping regulation may, counterintuitively, increase the levels of doping activity by athletes. Anti-doping regulation can also have the undesirable consequence of decreasing legal efforts; in our model, this always occurs when legal efforts and illegal drugs are complements, and under certain circumstances when they are substitutes.

“Cheating in Contests: Anti-Regulatory Problems in Sport” from Journal of Sports Economics can be read for free by clicking here. Want to know about all the latest news and research from Journal of Sports Economics? Click here to sign up for e-alerts!

How Should Businesses Respond to Bad Online Reviews?

August 19, 2014 by

paper-emotions---aggressive-1158072-mAccording to Forbes, 72% of people trust online reviews just as much as they would trust the opinion of a friend or family member. Furthermore, 4 out of 5 consumers admitted in a survey that they changed their mind about a purchase after reading online reviews. With statistics like these, it’s not surprising that many businesses have chosen to start responding to bad reviews in hopes of atoning for the customer’s bad experience. But how can businesses successfully respond to these reviews online? Authors Beverley A. Sparks and Graham L. Bradley recently explored this topic and developed a typology of managerial responses to negative online reviews in their article “A ‘Triple A’ Typology of Responding to Negative Consumer-Generated Online Reviews” from Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Research.

The abstract:

Increasingly, consumers are posting online reviews about hotels, restaurants, and other tourism and hospitality providers. While some managers are responding to these reviews, little is2JHTR07_Covers.pdf known about how to respond and how to do so effectively. Drawing on the service recovery, justice, and electronic word-of-mouth literatures, we developed a typology of management responses to negative online reviews of hotel accommodation. An initial version of the typology was verified through interviews with eight industry experts. The final “Triple A” typology comprised 19 specific forms of managerial responses subsumed within the three higher-level categories of acknowledgements, accounts, and actions. The typology was tested on a sample of 150 conversations drawn from the website, TripAdvisor. Most responses included an acknowledgement of the dissatisfying event, an account (explanation) for its occurrence, and a reference to action taken. Responses differed between top- and bottom-ranked hotels. Propositions for extending this area of research are provided.

Click here to read “A ‘Triple A’ Typology of Responding to Negative Consumer-Generated Online Reviews” from Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Research for free! Want to get notifications about all the latest research from Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Research sent straight to your inbox? Click here to sign up for e-alerts!

A Warm Welcome to Journal of Management Education’s New Co-Editors!

August 18, 2014 by

We’re pleased to welcome new Journal of Management Education editors Jeanie M. Forray and Kathy Lund Dean. Drs. Forray and Dean discuss their thoughts on their new role and the direction of Journal of Management Education in their editorial that appears in the August issue.

We are delighted to take the reins of JME, sharing Editor-in-Chief duties, as a new way of engaging with JME_72ppiRGB_powerpointauthors, reviewers, and the entire scholarship of teaching and learning (SOTL) community. There were many reasons to say “yes” to stepping into the Editor-in-Chief role when the OBTS Board asked. JME is close to our hearts and has occupied a special place for us for many years. JME has helped us so often in our teaching and has been our default resource when we have looked to refresh our teaching practice. And JME has been our preferred outlet for our own pedagogy research as a result of both the marvelous review process and the fearless readership with whom we could converse about teaching and learning innovations. We simply could not resist the opportunity to serve the journal in this way.

The rest of the editorial “Some Thoughts on JME‘s Direction…” can be accessed by clicking here. The August issue of Journal of Management Education can be read for free for the next 30 days! Click here to access the table of contents. Want to know about all the latest news and research from Journal of Management Education? Click here to sign up for e-alerts!

Closing the Academic-Practitioner Gap: Stories of Success

August 15, 2014 by

[We're pleased to welcome Megan W. Gerhardt who collaborated with Kenneth G. Brown and Anders Dysvik on their paper "A Bridge Over Troubled Water: A Former Military Officer, Corporate Executive, and Business School Dean Discusses the Research–Practice Divide" from Journal of Management Inquiry.]

Our article, “A Bridge Over Troubled Water: A Former Military Officer, Corporate Executive, and Business School Dean Discusses the Research–Practice Divide,” JMI_72ppiRGB_powerpointwas inspired by the continuing dialogue in business schools regarding the rigor versus relevance debate. Is the goal of research to be useful to practicing managers, or scientifically rigorous enough to meet the expectations of our most prestigious academic journals—and why are these things often viewed as mutually exclusive?
While many have strong opinions on the research-practice gap, we were intrigued by the idea of interviewing someone who has traversed the worlds of both research and practice to learn his views on this timely topic. Earl Walker is a retired US Army Colonel, a former corporate executive, and also a university faculty member and former business school dean. Often our views on the research-practice gap are influenced by the side of the gap we are standing on—yet Professor Walker has been across this divide more than once. In our interview, we explore his views on this topic, and found his answers thought provoking. Professor Walker discusses the types of scholarship he has found personally most useful, as well as those he recommends to his students and colleagues, and also suggests the need for business school deans to expand their view of the utility of a broad range of scholarship.

The abstract:

In recent years, there has been a resurgence of concern regarding the gap between academic research and the ongoing daily practice of running businesses. In this article, we interview an individual who successfully made the transition not only from practice to research, but from military service to corporate life and then to academics. Professor Earl Walker is a retired U.S. Army Colonel who commanded armor units in Vietnam, worked as a corporate executive, and then transitioned into academic teaching and later academic administration. Over the course of his academic career, he has served as the dean of three business schools. In the interview, Walker describes his perceptions of the practice–research gap, revealing that it is in some ways smaller and other ways larger than others believe it to be.

“A Bridge Over Troubled Water: A Former Military Officer, Corporate Executive, and Business School Dean Discusses the Research–Practice Divide” from Journal of Management Inquiry can be read for free by clicking here. Like what you read? Click here to sign up for e-alerts and get notified of all the latest research from Journal of Management Inquiry!

gerharmmMegan W. Gerhardt, PhD, is an associate professor of management in the Farmer School of Business, a Naus Family Faculty Scholar, and director of the Buck Rodgers Business Leadership Program at Miami University. She received her doctorate at the University of Iowa. She serves as an associate editor of the Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, and her research has appeared in a wide range of management and psychology journals. Her scholarship interests involve the impact of individual differences in motivation, leadership, and learning, with a specific emphasis on personality, gender, and generational differences in education and the workplace.

brownkKenneth G. Brown, PhD is a professor and Tippie research fellow at the Henry B. Tippie School of Business of the University of Iowa. He received his doctorate from Michigan State University. His primary research interests are in the areas of learning, motivation, and the science−practice interface. His research appears in a variety of top journals and edited volumes. He currently serves as the editor-in-chief of Academy of Management Learning and Education and on the editorial boards of a number of other journals.

dysvikAnders Dysvik is a professor of organizational behavior at the Department of Leadership and Organizational Behavior, BI Norwegian Business School. He received his PhD from BI Norwegian Business School. His work has been accepted for publication in journals such as Academy of Management Journal, The Leadership Quarterly, and Human Resource Management. He is the Norwegian representative to the Collaboration for Cross-Cultural Research on Contemporary Careers (5C). He conducts research within the fields of human resource management, organizational behavior, and leadership.

Listen to the Latest Podcast from Journal of Management on “The Chrysalis Effect”

August 14, 2014 by

jom coverIn the latest podcast from Journal of Management, Ernest Hugh O’Boyle Jr, lead author of the article “The Chrysalis Effect: How Ugly Initial Results Metamorphosize Into Beautiful Articles” speaks with Journal of Management Associate Editor Fred Oswald about the article’s findings concerning questionable research practices.

The podcast can be downloaded by clicking here and the article can be read for free by clicking here. Follow this link to subscribe on iTunes.

o'boyleeErnest Hugh O’Boyle Jr is an assistant professor of Management and Organizations at the University of Iowa. His research interests include questionable research practices, outcome reporting bias, publication bias, structural equation modeling, meta-analysis, “dark” personality traits, and superstar effects. He has been published in such journals as Journal of Management, Organizational Psychology Review, Family Business Review and International Business Review.

FredOswaldFred Oswald currently serves the Rice University Department of Psychology as Chair, and he is a Professor in the Industrial/Organizational Psychology program. His published research addresses the reliability and validity of tests administered to applicants in organizational, education and military settings. Substantively, his work deals with defining, modeling and predicting societally relevant outcomes (e.g., job performance, academic performance, satisfaction, turnover) from psychological measures that are based on cognitive and motivational constructs (e.g., cognitive abilities, personality traits, situational judgment tests, job knowledge and skill, and biographical data). His statistical work in meta-analysis, structural equation modeling, and adverse impact also informs personnel selection issues and psychological testing in the research, practice and legal arenas.

Want to know about all the latest news and research like this from Journal of Management? Click here to sign up for e-alerts!

And the Winner Is…

August 13, 2014 by

06GOM10_Covers.inddGroup and Organization Management announced the winners of their Best Micro Paper for 2013 and Best Macro Paper for 2013 at this year’s Academy of Management Conference!

Eric Lamm, Jennifer Tosti-Kharas, and Eric G. Williams all of San Francisco State University took home the Best Micro Paper for 2013 for their article “Read this Article, but Don’t Print It! Organizational Citizenship Behavior Toward the Environment” which appeared in the April 2013 issue of Group and Organization Management!

The abstract:

This article contributes to the growing research interest on sustainability-directed citizenship behaviors by helping to develop the construct of organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) toward the environment, defined as voluntary behavior not specified in official job descriptions that, through the combined efforts of individual employees, help to make the organization and/or society more sustainable. Hypotheses predict the extent to which employees’ beliefs about their organization and about sustainability in general will be associated with OCBs toward the environment. The hypotheses are tested via a field survey of 733 employees working in a variety of occupations. Regression results indicated that OCBs toward the environment were related to, yet distinct from, OCBs in general, perceived organizational support (POS), affective commitment (AC), and beliefs that sustainability is important both in general and for one’s current organization. The article concludes with theoretical implications for research on sustainability and extra-role behaviors as well as the practical implications for managers wishing to foster sustainability in their organization.

victory-1146459-mPatrick Dawson of the University of Aberdeen and Peter McLean of the University of Wollongong are the winners of the Best Macro Paper of 2013 for their article entitled “Miners’ Tales: Stories and the Storying Process for Understanding the Collective Sense-Making of Employees During Contested Change” from the April 2013 issue.

The abstract:

This article examines the extent to which the storying lens provides useful purchase in understanding the sensemaking processes that occur in the hegemonic struggle over collective identities during contested change. Our interest is in how stories are shaped within the context of workplace change; the limitations of existing story types for making sense of the data; temporality as it relates to change processes and story types; and the use of stories to legitimate identity in the power-political dynamics of change. The empirical material draws on a study of miners’ storied responses to the introduction of a performance appraisal system for underground workers at an Australian colliery.

Both articles are free to read for the next 30 days! Click here to read “Read this Article, but Don’t Print It! Organizational Citizenship Behavior Toward the Environment” and here to access “Miners’ Tales: Stories and the Storying Process for Understanding the Collective Sense-Making of Employees During Contested Change.” Make sure to sign up for e-alerts and be in the know about all the latest from Group and Organization Management!

Does Peer Influence in Teens Affect Their Parents’ Purchase Decisions?

August 12, 2014 by

According to an article featured in the Wall Street Journal, peer influence in teens tends to peak around age fifteen as adolescents acquire an interest in seeking a new environment. The impact of a teenager’s peers can sway their opinions on everything from actions to social decisions and even what products to buy. A new study published in Vision: The Journal of Business Perspective entitled “Peer Interaction and Its Influence on Family Purchase Decision: A Study among Indian Teenagers” suggests that this influence by peers could also stretch to a teenager’s family when it comes to electronic purchase decisions.

The abstract:

F1.mediumThe paper aims to clarify the impact of Teenager–peer interaction and Enduring Product involvement (measured in terms of pleasure and sign associated with the possession of product) in the family purchase decision for the electronic items. It proposes that how the teenagers interaction with peer have an impact on family decision making process. The study aims to expand the domain of Consumer (family/Household) decision making by including a broader range of teenagers influence and the product involvement in day to day life.

The study is based on the teenagers influence in the family’s purchase decision making in the purchase of electronic items. The study was done in India. A sample of 230 students has been taken. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) has been used for analysis.

The paper provides a significant relationship among Teen-peer interaction and family purchase decision making process. As per the findings of this paper we conclude that the more the teenagers interact with peer, the more they contribute in the initiation stage of the family decision-making process. Similarly the teenager’s enduring involvement (measured in terms of pleasure) construct have a significant influence on the final decision making i.e. it significantly explains teen’s contribution to the purchase decision.

“Peer Interaction and Its Influence on Family Purchase Decision: A Study among Indian Teenagers” from Vision: The Journal of Business Perspective can be read for free by clicking here. Want to read all the latest from Vision: The Journal of Business Perspective? Click here to sign up for e-alerts!

Can Undocumented Immigrants Be Protected From Wage Theft?

August 11, 2014 by

take-the-buck-2-1096838-mA study done by Pew Hispanic Center found that undocumented immigrants living in the United States earned a median household income of $36,000, $14,000 less than their legal and native-born counterparts, despite the fact that many households had more working members. These workers are also more susceptible to situations where employment laws aren’t followed, as the fear of retaliation keeps many from reporting misconduct committed by their employer. Wage stealing is one such infraction that has gained national attention in the last few years. Just why and how does this happen? How can it be stopped? Author Jed DeVaro discusses this in his article “Stealing Wages From Immigrants” from Compensation and Benefits Review.

The abstract:

In California, ongoing concerns about employers stealing wages from undocumented immigrant workers (who areCBR_42_1_72ppiRGB_powerpoint reluctant to report employer violations because they want to minimize contact with legal authorities) have led to two “antiretaliation” laws passed in 2013 (Assembly Bill 263 and Senate Bill 666) designed to protect workers. This article describes wage stealing (when, how, why and to whom it happens) and its consequences and evaluates various solutions to the problem, including the recent California legislation.

Click here to read “Stealing Wages From Immigrants” from Compensation and Benefits Review for free! Want the latest research like this sent directly to your inbox? Click here to sign up for e-alerts from Compensation and Benefits Review!


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