Read the New Issue of Administrative Science Quarterly!

Current Issue CoverThe June 2016 issue of Administrative Science Quarterly is now available online and can be accessed free for the next 30 days. The June issue includes articles covering a range of topics, including an article that explores why cultural omnivores get creative jobs, and an article on task segregation as a mechanism for within-job gender inequality. William Starbuck’s piece, “60th Anniversary Essay: How Journals Could Improve Research Practices in Social Science” opens the new issue by exploring how improvements can be made to editorial policies to make research practices in the social sciences more accurate and reliable. The abstract for the paper:

This essay proposes ways to improve editorial evaluations of manuscripts and to make published research more reliable and trustworthy. It points to troublesome properties of current editorial practices and suggests that editorial evaluations could become more reliable by making more allowance for reviewers’ human limitations. The essay also identifies some troublesome properties of prevalent methodology, such as statistical significance tests, HARKing, and p-Hacking, and proposes editorial policies to mitigate these detrimental behaviors.

Click here to access the table of contents for the June 2016 issue of Administrative Science Quarterly. Want to know about all the latest from Administrative Science Quarterly? Click here to sign up for e-alerts!

Unequal to the Task: Task Segregation As a Mechanism of Inequality for Women at Work

Woman and ManGender inequality studies have long focused on identifying the material disparities between men and women in the workforce, including researching the gender wage gap. But gender inequality in the workforce extends beyond differences in earnings and promotional opportunities–women also experience inequality in more subjective forms, such as through task segregation, which ultimately impacts job quality. In their article, “Task Segregation as a Mechanism for Within-Job Inequality: Women and Men of Transportation Security Administration,” published online by Administrative Service Quarterly, Curtis Chan and Michel Anteby explore a case study of Transportation Security Administration (TSA) employees, which found that female employees were disproportionately assigned the undesirable task of patting-down airline customers. The authors go on to explore the negative impact of task segregation on the female TSA employees.

The abstract:

In this article, we examine a case of task segregation—when a group of workers is disproportionately allocated, relative to other groups, to spend more time on specific tasks in a given job—and argue that such segregation is a potential mechanism for generating within-job ASQ_v60n4_Dec2015_cover.inddinequality in the quality of a job. When performing those tasks is undesirable, this allocation has unfavorable implications for that group’s experienced job quality. We articulate the processes by which task segregation can lead to workplace inequality in job quality through an inductive, interview-based case study of airport security-screening workers in a unit of the U.S. Transportation Security Administration (TSA) at a large urban airport. Female workers were disproportionately allocated to the pat-down task, the manual screening of travelers for prohibited items. Our findings suggest that this segregation led to overall poorer job quality outcomes for women. Task segregation overexposed female workers to processes of physical exertion, emotional labor, and relational strain, giving rise to work intensity, emotional exhaustion, and lack of coping resources. Task segregation also seemed to disproportionately expose female workers to managerial sanctions for taking recuperative time off and a narrowing of their skill set that may have contributed to worse promotion chances, pay, satisfaction, and turnover rates for women. We conclude with a theoretical model of how task segregation can act as a mechanism for generating within-job inequality in job quality.

You can read “Task Segregation as a Mechanism for Within-Job Inequality: Women and Men of Transportation Security Administration,” from Administrative Service Quarterly by clicking here. Want to be notified of all the latest research like this from Administrative Service Quarterly? Click here to sign up for e-alerts!