Susanne Tafvelin, Kerstin Armelius, and Kristina Westerberg, all of Umea University, published “Toward Understanding the Direct and Indirect Effects of Transformational Leadership on Well-Being: A Longitudinal Study” on September 21st, 2011 in the OnlineFirst section of the Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies. Other OnlineFirst articles can be found here.
In this two-wave longitudinal panel study, the authors strived to advance understanding of how transformational leadership affects employee well-being over time. The authors proposed a model that included both direct and indirect effects, which was tested in a sample of social service employees. Results of structural equation modeling revealed that transformational leadership had no direct effect on well-being over time. Instead, both the short-term and long-term effects of transformational leadership on well-being were mediated by a positive climate for innovation. The study contributes to knowledge about the complicated processes by which leaders influence well-being of employees.
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